The „golden range of hills”, as Tokaj-Hegyalja is sometimes referred to, an area of 87 kilometres in the north eastern part of Hungary. This is the land of the Tokaj Aszú, a treasure that has made this region world famous. Tokaj-Hegyalja is located between the Bodrog and Hernád rivers on the southern, south-eastern and south-western slopes of the Zemplén Hills. Soil: The vulcanic rhyolite and andesite is covered by brown forest soil. Wine produced on
such soil is always fiery with a strong body, and it can be stored for long periods in wooden barrels, which is usually followed by ageing in bottles. Climate: Micro and macro climate are both optimal for wine growing. It is the special climate which makes the special ripening process possible. The rainy or mostly humid weather is usually replaced by sunny period, providing excellent conditions for the special kind of Bothrytis which produces the „aszú”, a kind of mould of grapes. Wines: Furmint, Hárslevelû and Muscat Lunel. The szamorodni and aszú are made of these varieties by unique methods.
This is the Southernmost wine growing region in Hungary, located on the highlands and hill slopes of the country. The area is ideal for grapes growing: the hills are of limestone covered by several meters of yellow soil. The climate is moderate with a great deal of Mediterranean influence which is especially strong on the southern hill slopes. Soil: Lime and sandstone, covered by yellow soil and clay. Climate: Uniquely warm. This is our richest wine growing district as far as heat and sunshine are concerned. The warmth of protected hill slopes is further enhanced by warm air from the Mediterranean. Wines: Kékoportó, Bluefrankish, Cabernet sauvignon, Cabernet franc. Red wines are of a deep color and a strong body, yet, they taste soft and velvety. Hárslevelű and Italian Riesling are very good white wines.
One of the oldest and best known wine growing areas in the country. Thanks to the professional recreational work done after the phyloxera epidemic, historical grapes had survived and are still grown. Szekszárdi Bikavér (Bull's Blood) is one of the oldest brands. Soil: Mainly yellow soil, mixed with Pannonian sand Climate: Very favorable. Active heat is above average, and there is a high number of sunny days. Wines: Kadarka, Bluefrankish,
Merlot, Cabernet franc, Chardonnay, Italien Riesling.
Rising to a height of about one thousand metres and running in an east - west direction, the
Mátra shields this sunny wine-growing region from the north. Soil: The mountain's southern side which is now adorned with vineyards, is riolite and rhyolite tuff, with Pannonian clay and yellow loess. All this favors viticulture. Climate: The diverse microclimates of the hillsides mean that the numerous local grapes varieties yield a wide range of quality white wines. Wines: Italian Riesling, Tramini, Pinot Gris, Rizlingszilváni, Zöldveltelini, Leányka, and in particular, Muscat Ottonel, Bluefrankish, Cabernets. Today the Mátra foothills are best known for their white wines.
This wine region is situated on the north shore of Lake Balaton. Traditionally the main white wine grapes are Olaszrizling, Riesling and Riesling Sylvaner (a.k.a. Müller-Thurgau), though Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay have gained ground over the last few decades.
Area: 2,270 ha.
The climate is generally good for grapes, with plenty of sunshine and the effects of the large body of water helping the fruit to grow and ripen. The soil is varied. The bedrock is slate, above which lie layers of sandstone and limestone. It is this which gives the region's wines their characteristic acids. In some places the high iron content of the soil turns it a distinctive red color: one of the many beauties of an already beautiful region.
Mihály Figula's family winery makes its wines mainly in and around Balatonfüred. Fruity, elegant and with good, robust acidity, these are wines of reliable quality, made in a style which remains the same year after year, and which exploits the potential of the wine region to the full. In 2000 Figula won Hungary's prestigious “Winemaker of the Year” Award.
The region is located on the slopes of Bükk Hills. The volcanic hill of Nagy Eged is one of the most characteristic landmarks in the area. Below, there are smaller hills covered with grapes, forming a semi circle. The region produces a great variety of excellent white and red wines, of which the legendary Egri Bikavér ( Bull's Blood) is the most well known. Soil: Black clay on rhyolite, with a low limestone content. Climate: rainfall is low Wines: There are different red wines produced in Eger, one of them is Bikavér (Bull's Blood) which is made of at least three kinds of grapes. The most important ingredient is Bluefrankish. Other grapes may include Cabernet, Portugieser, Merlot and Zweigelt. The result of mixing them is an exquisitely tasty, fiery, red wine, which acquires its typical aroma and flavor after a year of oak-ageing. Egri leányka is the typical white wine produced in the area, from an ancient species of Hungarien grape. Locally produced Italien Riesling, Tramini and Muscat
Ottonel are also excellent.
Before the outbreak of phyloxera the area around Buda was an important wine region producing well-known wines, though its heyday was over by the end of the 1800s. Later in the century it began to regain some its lost prestige, largely thanks to the fact that the grapes that went into Törley champagne were grown here. Today the region is undergoing something of a revival, and, thanks to the introduction of modern technology, some excellent wines are being produced. In the last few decades Chardonnay and Olaszrizling have become the main varieties, with some Sauvignon Blanc and Pinot Blanc as well.
Area: 2,000 ha.
Climate: windy, sunny, little rainfall. Soil rich in lime.
In Budajenő and Tök there is a central cellar with a total of 250 hectares. So far 100 hectares are producing grapes. The main varieties are Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc, with Irsai Olivér, Riesling Sylvaner and Pinot Gris. The wines are fresh, clean and rich in acid. Ernő Malya (Winemaker of the Year in 2002) makes wines of dependable quality, which have also performed well in international competitions.
The cultivated area of approximately 3500 hectares is situated mainly on hilly terrain. The area boards on 17 villages next to the Balaton. Soil: Yellow soil and moderately packed adobe. Climate: Well balanced, providing safety in agricultural production. Wines: Italian Riesling, Chardonnay, Királyleányka, Irsai Olivér, Riesling, Merlot, Bluefrankish.